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Sowing Planting



The bed planter consists of a frame, planting hoppers, fertilizer box, furrow openers, bed shaper and power transmitting wheel. The frame is made of mild steel sections. The furrow openers are ridger type and have mouldboard and share point. The wingspan of the mouldboard can be adjusted. The share is made of medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The machine makes two beds. Machine can sow two or three rows of wheat on each bed. Machine has seed metering unit of vertical disc type. The draft requirement of the machine is reduced due to roller type bed shaper.

Uses: Bed planter makes bed and sows crops simultaneously and suitable for wheat, maize, peas etc. Vegetables seeds can also be sown by the planter.




The seeder consists of a seed drum, main shaft, ground wheel, floats, and handle. Joining smaller ends of frustum of cones makes the seed drum. Nine numbers of seed metering holes of 10 mm diameter are provided along the circumference of the drum at both the ends for a row-to-row spacing of 200 mm. Flat spikes 12 mm wide and 25 mm long are joined to ground wheel parallel to its axis of rotation. The slopes of the cone facilitate the free flow of seeds towards the metering holes. Two floats are provided on either side to prevent restrict the sinkage and to facilitate easy pulling of the seeder.

Uses: Paddy drum seeder is used for sowing pre-germinated paddy seeds directly on puddled fields.





This is a hand wheel hoe, used for inter-culture operation on which planting mechanism is mounted. The planting mechanism consists of a vertical plate with spoons, and receives drive motion from the ground wheel through chain and sprockets. For operation of the planter, a person pulls it from rope attached to the hook and other person steers the machine by holding it by the handle. Upon pulling the planter forward, ground wheel .starts rotating transmitting motion to the vertical plate fitted with spoons in the hopper. The hopper is filled with seeds or garlic cloves. As the vertical plate rotates, the spoons pick up the bulb/seed, which is discharged, in the small hopper connected to the furrow opener through a tube. The seed is then dropped in the furrow created by the furrow opener. It is provided with markers for maintaining the row-to-row spacing. Varying the number of spoons on vertical plate can vary plant spacing. Planting spoons for other crops like peas, sunflower, cotton, okra (bhindi), maize, soybean are also available.

Uses: This planter is used for sowing of garlic, maize, moong, peas, groundnut etc. Garlic planter is labour saving equipment and require9 0 man-hours to plant one hectare.




Tractor mounted planters are extremely well adapted for intercropping operations. In order to plant seeds of different crops in adjacent rows or alternate rows, a modular planter has been developed. All the planting units have individual hopper, ground wheel and seed metering mechanism, which are mounted on a common frame and hitched to the tractor with the three point linkage. It consists of modular frame, individual hopper for each row with seed and fertilizer chamber, vertical roller metering mechanism, ground wheel etc. It is suitable for planting groundnut, soybean, Bengal gram etc.

Uses: It is suitable for planting seeds of different crops in adjacent rows with individual seed rated for each row.




It is an animal drawn implement suitable for planting groundnut, sunflower, safflower, soybean, pigeon pea, Bengal gram, sorghum, wheat and maize. The equipment can also be used for intercropping. It consists of separate hoppers for seed and fertiliser. Seeds are metered by a cell type rollers and fertiliser by agitator and orifice in the fertiliser box. Drive is obtained directly from the ground wheel and gears for seed metering and through chain and sprocket for the fertilizer metering. The row to row distance can be easily adjusted and the unit has been accepted well for bold seeds. It saves 75 per cent labour, 30 per cent operating time and 72 per cent on cost of operation compared to conventional method of sowing behind the country plough.

Uses: It is suitable for planting groundnut, sunflower, safflower, soybean, pigeon pea, Bengal gram, sorghum, wheat and maize.




It is an animal drawn implement suitable for sowing rapeseed mustard, wheat and pearl- millet. This implement uses a rotor with cells on its periphery to meter the small seeds. Power from the ground wheel is transmitted by the chain and sprocket mechanism to the bottom of the hopper to activate the rotor. It

has three bottoms and the row to row spacing can be easily adjusted for different crops. One additional idler helps in keeping the implement level and for depth control. It saves 50 per cent labour and operating time and 51 per cent on cost of operation and also results in 15-20 per cent increase in yield compared to conventional method of sowing behind country plough.

Uses: It is suitable for sowing rapeseed mustard, wheat and pearl-millet.




The machine consists of a seed box attached to the mainframe of a hand wheel hoe. A fluted roller assembly is provided at the bottom of the seed box. Fluted roller is rotated with the help of chain and sprockets from the ground wheel. The seed rate can be adjusted with the help of a lever provided on the seed box. The fluted roller used for sowing rapeseed and mustard has 8 flutes. Each flute is 3 mm wide and 2 mm deep. The diameter of the fluted roller is 50 mm and its length, 32mm. For operation, the machine is pulled by rope attached to the hook of machine by one man and other person steers the machine by holding it by the handle.

Uses: Manual oilseed drills are used for sowing rapeseed and mustard. By changing the fluted roller position, other crops like wheat, moong etc. can also be sown. It is also suitable for inter-row sowing.




The tractor operated pneumatic planter consists of pneumatic metering system for five independent rows. Separate sets of seed plates are required for planting different sizes of seeds. It is provided with compressor for creating suction and pressure heads for singulation of seeds independently in the five hoppers. Two pneumatic ground wheels facilitate driving a metering plate for picking of seeds from the hoppers and for their release in furrows. The modular metering and planting units can be shifted on the cross bar for adjusting row to row spacing. The minimum row to spacing obtainable is 200 mm. It is provided with double disc and shoe type furrow openers. One press wheel for each furrow with the options of rubber, stainless steel, cage and V –cast iron wheel are provided for compacting the seeds after they are planted. For achieving high precision in singulation and release of lightweight seeds, apart from vacuum chamber for picking the seed, the release chamber is operated at a pressure above atmospheric. The compressor is driven by the tractor pto. The vacuum and positive pressures are respectively, 1000 and 100 mm of water for which pressure gauges are provided. It is also provided with four transmission wheels, four gearboxes and articulated hydraulic row marker.

Uses: The pneumatic precision planter is used for sowing light weight vegetable seeds and it helps in maintaining uniform plant spacing.




It is a rotating sector type planter suitable for making ridges and planting potato in the ridges. The planter has seed boxed fitted on the machine in which the seed tubers are stored. One operator sits on the machine and places the seed tubers on the rotating sector from time to time. The tubers are placed on the ridges and get covered by the two discs in a single pass of the machine, thus ensuring uniformity of planting and saving labour and time. It saves 50 per cent labour, 85 per cent operating time and 60 per cent on cost of operation compared to conventional method of placement of seed in rows by making ridges manually. The performance was evaluated at IISR and it was found satisfactory.

Uses: It is suitable for making ridges and planting potato in the ridges.




It is an attachment to the commercially available tractor mounted cultivator for direct sowing of paddy in dry land conditions. The direct seeder consists of seed box, seed metering disc, ground wheel, cultivator shovel, furrow closer, clutch lever, power drive system, and frame. The seed metering mechanism consists of discs fitted with cups mounted close to its periphery. During operation, discs rotate, the cup pick up rice seeds from the hopper and delivers in the outlet attached to furrow opener with PVC tubes.

Uses: It is an attachment to the commercially available tractor mounted cultivator for direct sowing of paddy in dry land conditions.




It is a six-row rice transplanter using mat type seedlings. The four row machine is a riding type and employs a double acting transplanting mechanism for enhanced transplanting speed and in turn high field capacity. The double acting transplanting mechanism is run with, one sun and four planetary gears. The machine has provision for adjustments of number of seedlings per hill, depth transplanting and hill-to-hill distance. The depth of transplanting is maintained constant, automatically during transplanting. The row-to-row spacing is 300 mm and five setting of hill-to-hill distance from 120 to 220 mm can be fixed depending on desired plant population. The machine is provided with six spare seedling racks for filling of trays intermittently. The machine is powered with a 12 hp air cool petrol engine and it is provided with power steering. Depth of transplanting can be set from 15 to 45 mm.

Uses: It is used for transplanting of mat type rice nursery in the puddle field.




The rotary dibbler is a manually operated push type device for dibbling of medium and bold size seeds. It consists of a rotating dibbling head with penetrating jaws, covering-cum-transport heel, seed hopper with cell type wooden roller and a handle. Except seed roller, which is made of good quality wood, all the other parts are fabricated from mild steel. The number of jaws varies from five to eight among various designs, depending upon seed to seed distance. For its operation, the hopper is filled with seeds and transport-cum-covering wheel is drawn to rear side. The dibbler is then pushed forward in the direction of travel with covering cum transport wheel behind the dibbling head. The jaws penetrate into the soil and automatically drop the seeds. The seed to seed distance depends upon size of the polygon plate to which jaws are attached.

Uses: For sowing of medium and bold vegetable and other cereal seeds.




Local Name: Nimad type tiphan

It is a low cost line-sowing device in which the seed and fertilizer -are metered by the operator. The rate of metering depends upon the skill of the operator. Tiphan refers to three row sowing device. The drill consists of a frame made of mild steel box iron sections. The furrow openers, funnels for feeding seed and fertilizer, hoses for connecting funnels with pipes mounted on furrow openers, hitch assembly and handle are mounted on this frame. The distance between the rows can be adjusted by moving the furrow openers. For operation, the seeds and fertilizer are fed by the operator manually in the funnels, which flow to the bottom of the furrow openers and in the boot attached to the rear of shank respectively. Since the drill does not have a separate hopper, seeds have to be carried separately in a bag slung on the shoulder or the back of the operator.

Uses: It is used for line sowing of cereal and other crops.




It is a standardized animal drawn seed cum fertiliser drill which is suitable for crops like wheat, gram, sorghum, soybean, lentil, pea, sunflower, safflower etc. It is simple, light in weight, and compact in construction for drilling fertiliser and seeds simultaneously especially designed black soil under rain fed condition. It has two gauge wheels, which are useful for maintaining the depth of operation and also for ease in transportation. Box section frame having many holes helps in adjusting the row to row spacing at the desired value. Separate knobs are provided for the seed and fertiliser metering to adjust the rate of application. The fluted roller metering mechanism fitted in the unit, gets the drive from ground drive wheel of 300mm diameter through chain and sprocket. The shoe type furrow openers with non clogging boot place the seed at desired depth.

Uses: It is used to drill seeds and fertiliser simultaneously in two rows.




It is a bullock drawn implement suitable for sowing paddy, ragi, wheat, linseed, gram, safflower and other small sized seeds. In this machine, seeds are dropped by a rubber agitator and slit hole while the fertiliser is dropped manually using the funnel provided for that purpose. Only the ground wheel drives the agitator for the seeds and a small ridger type furrow opener is used to reduce the draft on the animal. It saves 56 per cent labour and operating time and 25 per cent on cost of operation compared to conventional method of sowing behind country plough. It also results in 14 to 27 per cent increase in yield compared to sowing by conventional method.




The unit consists of a simple frame on which a seed box, hitch brackets, handle, clutch mechanism and furrow closet are mounted. The entire unit is mounted on two wheels. The furrow opener is similar to country plough in which adjustable/replaceable share is provided. The provision of cup feed mechanism facilitates metering without seed damage. The help of the ground wheels and chain and sprocket drives powers the metering mechanism. Drive to the metering mechanism can be cut off using the dog clutch at the headlands or while turning. A square bar is provided at the rear to cover the seeds.

Uses: For line sowing of crops such as groundnut, sorghum, cowpea, Bengal gram, green gram, black gram, etc. in three rows simultaneously.




Machine consists of furrow opening unit, C.I sett cutting unit, fertilizer application unit, chemical application unit, sett covering unit and seed box. For the operation, two labourers sitting on the machine feed complete sugarcane one by one into the sett cutting unit by picking from the seed hopper. The rotating blades cut the setts automatically before dropping into the furrows. Fertilizer and chemicals are also applied simultaneously along with the setts, before covering of furrows. The furrow-opening unit has two ridgers mounted on the frame for opening the furrow. The machine has two-sett cutting units one for each row. Each sett-cutting unit consists of rotating blades, which cut the cane into desired size before dropping into furrows. Fertilizer metering action is of gravity type. Chemical application is through nozzles.

Uses: It is used for sowing of sugarcane and it cuts the seed setts of desired size in addition to doing other operations of opening the furrows, placing the setts in the furrows, application of fertilizer, treatment of setts and covering of setts simultaneously.




This animal drawn implement is suitable for planting straight cane setts and simultaneous application of

granular fertilizer. It has separate provision for placing the cut setts and fertiliser. Metering mechanism gets its drive from the ground wheel and a set of chain and sprockets. Furrow opening, placement of setts and covering of the setts is accomplished in a single pass. It saves 60 per cent labour, 65 per cent time of operation and 55 per cent on cost of operation compared to conventional method of opening of furrow by tractor drawn ridger or two passes of bullock drawn country plough, manual sett cutting, dropping of setts, manual application of fertilizer and insecticides and sett covering by country plough and planking. It also results in 10 per cent increase in yield.

Uses: It is suitable for planting straight cane setts and simultaneous application of granular fertilizer.




No till drill consists of frame, seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanism, seed tubes, furrow openers, seed adjusting lever and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The frame is made from mild steel box section. The tynes are mounted with the help of clamps, to obtain infinite row spacing. The main difference between No-till drill machine and conventional drill is that it has narrow shovels known as inverted T -type furrow openers instead of tyne type furrow openers. The main advantage of narrow shovels is lower draft requirement and easier penetration in the soil.

Uses: No till drills are used for sowing wheat crop in unprepared field after harvesting of paddy.

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