Cultivation of Periwinkle plant: Complete guide on Periwinkle plant farming involves in seed treatment, Planting, Pest control, irrigation, harvesting, yield and uses.
Scientific name of Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) Apocynaceae:
Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle, is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. It was formerly classified in the Vinca genus as Vinca rosea.
In Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) the extracts of its roots and shoots, though poisonous, is used against several diseases.
Catharanthus roseus Leaves & Flowers
There are three types of periwinkles. White, Purple and nirmal.
White, Sunstorm Deep Orchid, Purple, Titan Polka Dot Catharanthus roseus
Soil and climate:
For healthy grow plant soil and climate should be suitable. For this plant all types of soil and tropical climatic conditions is well suited. It is also suitable for raising as a rainfed crop. Well distributed annual rainfall of 100 cm or more is ideal for cultivation.
Seeds and planting:
Catharanthus can be propagated in two ways direct sowing of seeds or through transplanting.
Catharanthus Roseus Seeds & Seedlings
Incase of direct sowing we need 2.5 kg/ ha and incase of transplanting we need half kg/ha. For tranplating seedlings should be 45-60 days old. Spacing required is 45 x 20 cm and propagation can be done during June – July or September – October months.
For healthy grow of a plant apply FYM at 20 t/ha and N, P and K at 25:50:75 kg/ha as basal dose. And on 60 days later after transplanting apply 50 kg N as top dressing.
The crop requires 2 weedings, the first at 90 days after sowing/transplanting and second 60 days after the first weeding.
The crop becomes ready for harvest of roots after one year of planting. We can take Two leaf strippings, the first one after 6 months and the second after 9 months of sowing. Fruits are collected without damage. Aerial parts are cut and the soil is ploughed for harvest of roots.
Harvesting Catharanthus roseus
Periwinkle is also used for treating diarrhea, vaginal discharge, throat ailments, tonsillitis, chest pain, high blood pressure, sore throat, intestinal pain and swelling (inflammation), toothache, and water retention (edema), wound healing, “brain health” (increasing blood circulation in the brain.
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