Cultivation of Malabar Neem: Complete guide on Malabar Neem (Melia dubia) farming involves in seed treatment, planting, pest management, irrigation and harvesting.
Scientific name of Malabar Neem is Melia dubia
Melia dubia Leaves, Flowers & Fruits
Climate and Soil:
Malaber neem can grow in all types of soils. Sandy loam soil is best suitable.
Melia dubia Seeds & Seedlings
Generally propagation of malabar neem is from seedlings. how ever direct seed sowing also can do, but growth rate is less. Seedlings collect from the nursery of 6 months plants. Cultivate the land properly and make pits of size 45 x 45 x 45 cms. After that apply fertilizers with mixture of organic and bio 25 – 30 gram/pit. Make sure that spacing between the plants is 3 x 3 mts. With this pacing we can put seedlings of 440 – 450 per acre. During monsoon season go for transplanting.
Malabar Neem Farming
Malabar neem tree shows better growth on proper irrigation. Do irrigation every 12 – 15 days.
Pest Control :
Some of the noted pests are leaf miners and pink disease which can damage the stem bore.
Malabar neem can be harvest from 2nd year onwards based on the growth of the tree. Once the tree reach grith above 15 inches then you plan for harvest based on your need. Recommended harvest after 5 years.
After 5 years yield would be 400 to 500 tons per acre. Average market is around rs2500/ton.
Malabar neem exclusively uses in pulp wood, Match box industries, plywood and char coal.
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