Cultivation of coleus plant: Complete guide on coleus plant farming involves in seed treatment, Planting, Pest control, irrigation, harvesting and yield.
Scientific name of Medicinal coleus (Coleus forskohlii Briq) Liliaceae:
Plectranthus barbatus, also known by the synonym Coleus forskohlii and vernacular names forskohlii and Indian coleus, is a tropical perennial plant related to the
typical coleus species. It is interesting from a scientific and medicinal standpoint because it produces forskolin.
In Ayurvedic medicine Coleus species have been used to treat some of the diseases related to heart, convulsions, spasmodic pain and painful urination. it is used to alleviate digestive problems, particularly liver-related ones, such as headaches caused by hangovers and other consumption of alcohol, as well as excessive fat content in food.
Coleus forskohlii Leaves & Flowers
Some of the main varieties of medicinal coleus are Maimul, Manganiperu, Garmai.
Soil and Climate:
The suitable land for cultivation is well drained and red loamy soils. There should not be any water stagnation that should be taken care. 70cm annual rainfall is best for Crop thrives.
Here this crop is propagated mainly through terminal cuttings around 10 cm.
Season for planting:
The season requirement for coleus planting is done during June – July months.
Need to follow 60 x 45 cm spacing is required for planting. For one hectare land around 37000 plants required. In case of low fertile soils planting can be done with the spacing of 60 x 30 cms, in this case 55000 plants required for hectare.
Planting of rooted cuttings
After planting irrigation should be given immediately and subsequently on every week time for better yield.
Medicinal Coleus Irrigation
Incorporate 15 t/ha of FYM during last ploughing. NPK at 30:60:50 kg/ha is applied in two split doses. First dose is at 30 days and second dose is at 45 days after planting. Apply 10 kg ZnSo4 per ha to avoid micronutrient deficiency.
There are certain pest will effect the plant like Nematode, Root rot, Bacterial wilt etc.
To prevent nematode, apply 200 kg of neem cake and 20 kg carbofuran before planting for hectare.
To prevent root rot, 5kg of viridi is mixed with totten fym and apply two times for 20 days interval.
To prevent bacterial wilt, apply 5kg of fluorescence/ha by mixing with well rottened fym and also drench 300 ppm of streptoccline to control.
After planting harvest can be done after 5 – 6 months. Make sure tubers should not be damage while harvesting.
For every hectare yield is around 15 – 20 tons of fresh tubers and in case of dry tubers are around 2 – 2.5 tons.
Post harvest handling:
After harvest, the tubers are cut into small pieces and allow to dry under shade until it reaches 8 % moisture level.
Coleus use as medicine has ancient origins used in Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) where it is used as a health tonic, treatment for heart problems, chest pains, lung ailments, digestive disorder and sleeplessness (insomnia).
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