Cultivation of Gloriosa: Complete guide on Gloriosa farming involves in seed treatment, planting, pest management, irrigation, harvesting and gloriosa superba oil uses.
Scientific name of Glory lily – Gloriosa superba Lin. Colchicaceae:
Gloriosa is a genus of 12 species in the plant family Colchicaceae, and include the formerly recognised genus Littonia. They are native in tropical and southern Africa to Asia, and naturalised in Australia and the Pacific as well as being widely cultivated. The most common English names are flame lily, fire lily, gloriosa lily, glory lily, superb lily, climbing lily, and creeping lily.
It is state flower (Kaanthal ) of Tamil Nadu. In Indian language of Telugu, in the state of Andhra Pradesh it is called Naabhi and was used in traditional medicine.
Gloriosa leaves, Flower & Fruit Pods
The economic part of the Gloriosa is Seed
The major constituents of the plant is Colchicine (0.5-0.7%) and Colchicoside
There are number of Uses of Gloriosa are – cures gout, anti inflammatory, anticancer
Varieties of gloriosa:
Some of the varieties are found like Singaleri selection possesses 0.25 % Colchicine.
Let know about Soil and climate:
Required well drained red loamy soils is most suited for cultivation. The ideal pH should be 6.0 – 7.0. Gloriosa can be cultivated up to 600 m from mean sea level with minimum annual rainfall of 70 cm.
Seed rate of gloriosa:
Gloriosa is mainly propagated through tubers. Around 2000 kg tubers are required for planting one hectare of land. The tubers are treated with 0.1 % Carbendazim for half an hour for controlling tuber rot.
Gloriosa seed pod and seeds
The main season for planting is distributed from June – July months.
For planting the Field should be ploughed 2 -3 times and incorporate 10 tonnes of FYM during last ploughing. Make trenches of 30 cm depth are formed and the tubers are planted at 30 – 45 cm spacing between them. The vines are trained over support plants. Make permanent structures with strong wires can also be formed for growing the vines.
Gloriosa Field view & Land preparation
The irrigation is one of the process should be taken. Give irrigation immediately after planting. And follow subsequently irrigation should be given for every 5 days.
We should give proper manure. NPK at 120:50:75 kg/ha has to applied in two split doses. And also Half of N and the entire P and K are applied as a basal dressing. And the remaining quantity of N is applied at one and two months after planting.
After cultivation of land:
We need to trim the Commiphora annually. Also care must should be taken to chances of avoiding the damages to growing portions. And artificial pollination can be done between 8 – 11 am for getting higher yield rate.
Artificial Pollination in Gloriosa
If you find any leaf eating caterpillar then spray 0.2 % dichlorovas to control the caterpillar infestation.
Do proper drainage which can be given during rainy season and drench 2g of COC/1 lit of water.
Gloriosa Tuber Rot
Once the harvest time come then pods are harvested between 160 – 180 days after sprouting of tubers.
Harveted Gloriosa Pods & Tubers
On an averages yield of the seeds are 200 – 250 kg/ha and tubers are around 300 kg/ha .
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