Cultivation of Aloe vera plant: Complete guide on Aloe vera plant farming involves in seed treatment, Planting, Pest control, irrigation, harvesting, yield and uses.
Scientific name of Aloe (Aloe vera) Lilliaceae:
Aloe vera is a succulent plant species. Extracts from Aloe vera are widely used in the cosmetics and alternative medicine industries.
Here you can find some of the major varieties like barbadensis, ferox, perryi are having good quality of “aloe gel”.
Aloe barbadensis, Aloe ferox & Aloe perryi
Aloe vera gel
Soil and Climate:
For healthy growth of aloe cultivation well drained laterite to loamy soils is suitable. The soil pH must be ranged from 7.0 to 8.5. For commercial cultivation could be done in regions which have 25 – 40°C.
Seed and sowing:
Practices of sowing aloe is propagated through the suckers. Before planting in the field the suckers are dipped in 0.1 % Carbendazim for five minutes. We required around 10,000 suckers to plant in one hectare of land.
Aloe vera Seeds & Seedlings
The most suitable seasons for planting are June – July and September – October months.
Plough the field properly. Now make the beds of sizes at 90 x 90 cm space. Suckers are planted in the space.
Aloe is mainly grown as rainfed crop. During summer season months 4-5 irrigations are required.
Aloe vera crops in field with irrigation pipes
Manure is not required in case of fertile soils. Good irrigation should be follow. Incase of non fertile soils apply 30 kg/ha of Nitrogen + 120 kg/ha of Gypsum during field preparation. And also 30 kg N can be applied after 20 days of planting.
Aloe is one of the plant where there is no pest and diseases. But under water logged condition, there will be rotting occur which can be overcome by good drainage practices.
After planting harvesting can be done during 6 – 7 months. Plants should be uprooted and better processed within 6 hours. SO that we can get better gel.
Harvesting Aloe Vera Leaves & Freshly harvested Aloe Vera leaves
The yield will be based on the variety and cultivation conditions. Generally on an average leaf yield of 15 tons per hectare can be obtained.
Aloe Vera is a major medicinal plant when it comes to treating and protecting the skin. Used externally, it is very effective on burns and sunburn, as well as a variety of skin diseases (eczema, pruritus, psoriasis, acne) – it is extremely constructive and protective.
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