Completely information on Dairy Project Report on Gir cattle and how beneficial it is to domesticate Gir cattle for your dairy business. Let us know about the Gir cattle.
The Gir cattle cows are well known for their milking prowess and have an indigenous from Indian origin. The females weigh about 848.78 pounds with a height of 4.26 feet whereas males weigh about 1201.5 pounds with a height of 4.42 feet. Their average milk yield is about 1590 kg per lactation. Gir cows are highly fertile and calve regularly.
Dairy project for 4 cows:
- One acre of land is an important prerequisite.
- As we are talking about 4 cows, cost of labor is not taken into consideration as a family labor will be efficient enough for the maintenance of the dairy farm.
- Gir cows are very social and so it is not difficult to handle them. They can be fed with dry fodder, green jowar, bajra, groundnut cake. For this, fodder can be cultivated in the land area of one acre and two crops can be considered per year.
- For manure during fodder cultivation, cow dung can be of great importance.
- Cost of rearing calves is not considered here as it will be nullified by their sale value.
- In case of the death of the cow, a new cow can be purchased from insurance claim money.
Housing for cows:
- Floor should be strong concrete, well cemented and impervious to moisture and have a single slope towards the gutter. Plinth should be 2 feet higher than ground.
- Walls should be 3 feet tall and made up of brick.
- Roof should be 16-18 feet high at the center and 8 feet high on the side wall. There should be a 3 feet hangover beyond the wall to prevent the rain water getting in the cow shade. In low cost housing, cemented roofs can be replaced by tile thatched roof.
Other Important Parameters:
Manger – 0.6M
Standing place – 1.5M
Gutter – 0.4M
Feeding passage – 1.2M
Milking place – 1.2M
Type of Animal Gir cow
No. of Animals – 4
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) 30000/cow
Cost of transportation 1000/cow
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) – 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal – 40
Floor space (sqft) per calf – 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 250
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 16
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 1
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg) 27
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. perbag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150
Daily feeding and cost chart for dairy cows:
|During lactation period||During dry period|
|Quantity (kg)||Cost (Rs.)||Quantity (kg)||Cost (Rs.)|
|Green fodder||1||20||Home grown||15||Home grown|
Lactation chart/Dry chart:
Economics of dairy farming with 4 Gir cows:
|Project cost and bank loan||Cost. In Rs.|
|Cow shed for 4 cows 40sq.ft/cow @250/sqft||40000|
|Calf pen for 4 calves 20 sq.ft./calf @250/sq.ft.||20000|
|Cost of 4 CB cows with minimum average 10 liter milk yield /day @30000with transportation||120000|
|Cost of transportation @Rs1000/cow||4000|
|Cost of one chaff cutter hand operated||10000|
|Cost of dairy appliances @ 1000/cow||4000|
|Cost of electrification of dairy farm with two electric fans||12000|
|Recurring cost to be capitalized|
|Cost of feed for first batch of one cows for one month as per feed chart||4980|
|Cost of insurance 4 animals @5% of animal cost||6000|
|Cost of fodder cultivation in one acres of land
For one session
|Cost of medicine vaccine, electricity for the first two cows||2000|
|Total recurring expenditure||30000|
|TOTAL PROJECT COST||240000|
|Margin money 15% of project cost||36000|
|Bank loan 85% of project cost||204000|
This is a sample dairy project report and has approximate values.
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